Verbascum thapsus, common mullein, is a species of mullein native to Europe, Asia, North Africa and established in America in the early 18th century and was introduced to Australia. It is a common biennial plant with hairy leaves that can grow up to 2 meters long. Mullein leaves are naturally rich in several essential minerals including potassium, phosporus, calcium, magnesium, manganese, iron, and selenium.
This medicinal herb mullein contains various chemical constituents such as saponin, iridoid, and phenylethanoid glycosides, flavonoids, vitamin C and minerals. It is famous in various communities worldwide for the treatment of various aliments in both humans and animals.↗️
Mullein is commonly sown in neglected meadows, pastures and more. However, mullein seeds germinate best when exposed to cool, moist conditions. Sow mullein seeds directly outside in the fall where they will germinate the following spring. Mullein grows easily in well drained soil and full sun, mullein tolerates a wide range of soil conditions, including poor, Sandy soil. Well drained soil is a requirement for good growth.
It is used in traditional medicine in many countries like Pakistan and Turkey. It is famous that, mullein is used as a flavoring ingredient in alcoholic beverages. The bioactive compounds found in mullein leaves have been found to be soothing and relaxing.
Many pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer, antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-hepatototic and anti-hyperlipidemic activities have been attributed to this plant. The plant is also used to treat tuberculosis, earache and bronchitis.↗️
Mullein leaf tea
Mullein tea is made from the leaves of the mullein plant. Mullein tea is a popular herbal ingredient prepared from the leaves and flowers of mullein. This mullein leaf tea is carefully crafted to make it as easy as possible while maintaining a consistently great taste. Green colored leaves have a leafy and dried leaf smell. The most effective mullein leaf teas are all natural, with all leaves and herbs harvested from prime locations.
Mullein tea is presented as a herbal tea, suitable for anyone who wants to support their health and well-being. Mullein tea is an important ingredient recommended for asthma, bronchitis, colds and coughs, which is a powerful herb that helps expel mucus and has anti-inflammatory properties.
Read More: Lemon And Ginger Tea Benefits, Side Effects & More
What is mullein good for
Mullein is beneficial for health. Mullein has antibacterial properties that have been used to reduce infection and inflammation. Mullein has antioxidants including vitamin C and flavonoids. The presence of which protects cells from free radicals, unstable molecules that damage your cells. It is great tonic for the vascular system. Mullein tea can be used as a hair wash because mullein is rich in vitamins that promote hair health and growth.
This herb has a long history of traditional use for respiratory disorders, speeding wound healing, relieving arthritis pain, and hemorrhoids. The Navajo were known to smoke the leaves to treat asthma and clear congestion in the lungs.↗️
Mullein is a gentle but powerful herb that helps protect mucus membranes, thereby preventing them from allergic reactions. Mullein leaf is an antibacterial leaf that has long been used to treat many digestive problems including diarrhea, constipation and hemorrhoids. According to experts, drinking mullein tea after meals helps in various digestive disorders like cleansing the digestive system, curing diarrhea and constipation.
Mucilaginous substances are primarily responsible for the shooting action on mucus membranes and saponins maybe responsible for the expectorant actions of mucilage. Oil made from mullein flowers is used to soothe earaches and can be applied externally for eczema and other types of inflammatory skin conditions. Mullein is mildly diuretic and has been reported to have a shooting and anti-inflammatory effects on the urinary tract, and acts as a mild sedative.↗️
Studies have shown that mullein tea is effective against various bacterial strains that cause intestinal and stomach discomfort. It can help reduce inflammation and relieve congestion, alleviating chronic health problems like asthma and COPD.↗️
Mullein is astringent and used to treat hemorrhoids and diarrhea. It has also been used as a home remedy for pneumonia, fever, congestion, allergies, migraine, tumor formation, sore throat, tonsillitis, skin diseases, catarrh and colic. Antiviral activity against influenza has been reported in chicken embryos.↗️
Mullein has a strong affinity for the nervous system and nervous system. It has been used for pain relief since ancient times. Mullein flower oil is an old German folk remedy for earaches. It placed in the ear to relieve ear pain when there is a feeling of pain and obstruction.↗️
How to make mullein tea
To make mullein tea:
- Add 1-2 teaspoons of dried mullein leaves to a cup of water.
- Steep the tea for 10 to 15 minutes. Strain the tea through a coffee filter. You can drink tea now. You can drink the tea three or four times a day.
Mullein is sometimes used in combination with other demulcent and expectorant herbs to treat coughs airway irritation. Can boil mullein leaves. You can also inhale steam from mullein leaves to cure nasal congestion. Mullein is famous because it is used as a flavoring ingredient in alcoholic beverages.
Mullein, mule tail, or kidney medicine is traditionally used as a root and flower tea for kidney dysfunction. The root and leaves are also made into a tea to help with the menstrual cycle of girls.↗️
Herbalists use the flowers, leaves, and roots of mullein for a number of different purposes, including, in it’s various forms, the treatment of wounds, burns, hemorrhoids and gout. Mullein oil is extracted from the flowers or leaves of the mullein plant. The oil is used as a remedy for eczema, earache and other skin conditions.
Extract of mullein flowers in hot water is used as a dye for golden hair, which may change from brown to green after acidification or alkalization. Leaves are used in insulation shoes to keep the feet warm. Mullein was also used as a useful fish poison. The stems are used as wicks for torches, tinder and candles.↗️
Read More: Hot Lemon Water Benefits & Its Nutrition, Side Effects
Mullein leaf tea benefits
Mullein leaf tea has many health benefits.
May help relieve joint pain
Mullein leaf tea and extract play an important role in relieving bursitis and joint pain due to the presence and activity of anti-inflammatory antioxidant components such as flavonoids and saponins. The antispasmodic properties of mullein tea may help treat muscle spasms. It can also be used to treat arthritis due to its anti-inflammatory properties.
Mullein improves the lubrication of the connective tissue in the joints, therefore improving cartilage health. It secretes the synovial fluid into the bursa and spreads the internal fluid to the surrounding tissues, lubricating joints, muscles, bones, and ligaments. Thus it is remedy for fractures, where the bone needs to be lubricated to move it back into place. It also indicated in spinal dryness, tenderness, pain and nerve pain along pinched or irritated nerve tracts.↗️
Mullein tea contains a chemical called verbascoside, which has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. This substance has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties as well as the ability to relieve muscle and different joint pain.↗️
Mullein benefits for lungs
Mullein is a soothing lung tonic and safe for all ages. It helps resolve chronic cough and lung irritation and helps restore lung health. Mullein can be a wonderful herb for the lungs, even when you smoke it. It soothes inflamed or infected lungs and prevents coughing until the infection or inflammation breaks down. It works great for any type of lung cleanse.
Mullein leaf infusion releases a salty mucilage. Thus, it is used as an emollient to bring water to hard, closed areas. Mullein opens the lungs, relieves coughs and congestion, lubricates mucus, relaxes the larynx, opens the sinuses, and creates a more open feeling in the head.↗️
Mullein is particularly useful for bronchitis and a dry, scratch, tickly cough with a ticking sensation usually evidence of inflammation with water trapped in the mucosa. As an expectorant, it helps the body with its natural response to cough up mucus and phlegm.↗️
Lungs become inflamed when attacked by infection or irritants, and the anti-inflammatory properties of mullein leaves help soothe the inflammation. Coughing can often include bronchial spasms that constrict the airways, and the antispasmodic properties of mullein help relax those airways.↗️
Helps treat respiratory conditions
Mullein has been used traditionally as a remedy for the respiratory tract, including bronchitis. It works as an expectorant, which means it help expel mucus. Expectorant medicinals help to loosen bronchial secretions and facilitate mucus elimination. Has been used traditionally as a remedy for respiratory tract infections including bronchitis. The saponins in mullein may be responsible for it’s expectorant actions.↗️
Olesia Wilson, Certified Nutritionist, says, “mullein is an ancient herb that has been used for hundreds of years to soothe and promote a healthy respiratory system. Tea made from this herb is caffeine free and can coughs, colds and asthma symptoms.
Mullein leaves can help clear up your airways and clear up mucus. It can also help relieve sore throat and respiratory discomfort.
Mullein has sedative and expectorant properties, which account for its historical use as a remedy for irritating coughs with bronchial congestion. It has expectorant and demulcent properties, which account for the herb’s historical use as a respiratory remedy, especially for irritating coughs with bronchial congestion.↗️
A study published in the Journal BMC complementary Medicine and Therapies analyzed the various properties of mullein leaves and found that mullein leaf extract may have relaxing properties, in respiratory infections, people experience difficulty in breathing. Foremost among the benefits of mullein tea is its potential to help ease breathing during asthma and respiratory inflammation.↗️
Mullein leaf and flower extracts are used in folk medicine to treat respiratory problems, including wheezing due to asthma, bronchitis and COPD. Mullein extract has expectorant properties and may be effective in relieving symptoms caused by inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, including the nose and throat.↗️
Mullein leaves and flowers are known to have expectorant, mucolytic and demulcent properties and are used in traditional Turkish medicine to treat respiratory conditions such as bronchitis, dry cough, tuberculosis and asthma.↗️
The mullein product produced from a decoction of its dried leaves and flowers is used to treat sore throats, bronchitis, and stomachaches, and can act as an expectorant and sedative. Mullein leaves and flowers have antispasmodic properties and are used as an expectorant for bronchitis, tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases.↗️
Does mullein reduce inflammation?
Mullein’s use in European folk medicine has been thoroughly documented in handbooks and scientific literature due to its anti-inflammatory and sedative actions on the respiratory system. Nevertheless, information regarding the effect of polyphenol content on pharmacological activity is scarce.↗️
Mullein leaf is rich in antioxidants, minerals. That creates a pleasant smell and is linked to a number of health benefits, including that it can reduce inflammation by helping muscles relax, but more research is needed before anything can be confirmed. They are high in fiber, which can help reduce inflammation in the gut.
The compounds apigenin and luteolin in mullein can interact with proteins called enzymes involved in the inflammatory process. These compounds can interfere with the process and prevent your body from making chemicals that cause inflammation.↗️
Mullein leaves, roots and flowers are also anodyne, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, antihistaminic, anticancer, antioxidants, cardiodepressant, estrogenic. Shooting and emollient properties come from polysaccharide mucilage and gums that soothe their irritated tissues. The expectorant property is the result of saponins that stimulate fluid production. The anti-inflammatory property is due to iridoid glycosides and flavonoids that reduce inflammation.↗️
Oxidative stress is a well known cause of inflammation, and verbascoside has been shown in clinical studies to reduce the production of oxygen free radicals. Mullein specifically reduces the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (INOS) and extracellular O2, reducing the production of superoxide radicals, which are greatly interested during inflammation processes due to oxidative stress.↗️
Helps with digestive problems
Mullein tea can help improve overall digestive health. In addition, mullein tea plays an important role in fighting bacteria, which improves digestive health. A cup of warm mullein tea can relieve stomach pain and constipation. Thus tea even plays a very beneficial role in the treatment of gastrointestinal disturbances including diarrhea, constipation, anorexia, and nausea.
Mullein tea has laxative properties, so it can help relieve constipation by softening stools and increasing bowel movement, thereby improving the digestive system. Mullein tea’s anti-inflammatory properties can also help reduce stomach pain and bloating, and its antioxidants can help protect the lining of the stomach and intestines from damage.
Anti-viral and anti-bacterial properties may help
Saponins in mullein exhibit antiviral properties, increasing its effectiveness against flu and other viral complaints.
Researchers from the Department of Pharmacy at the University of Swabia and the European Medicines Agency Evaluation of Medicines for Human Use found that mullein works against plant viruses. Drinking mullein tea can prevent or reduce catching the flu (influenza A, influenza B), avian flu and herpes simplex type 1.↗️
Test tube studies have shown that mullein extract inhibits the growth of certain types of bacterial that cause infections, including E.Coli, streptococcus pyogenes, and Bacillus cereus. Other test tube studies show that mullein extract can also fight pseudorabies, a virus in the herpes family, and that mullein extract is particularly effective against the influenza virus.↗️
Helps in skin health and wound healing activity
Mullein cleanses the lymphatic system and is helpful in relieving skin problems such as psoriasis. Antioxidants present in mullein leaves are known to help protect tye skin from oxidative damage and reduce the appearance of wrinkles and ageing. It can be used as a poultice poured over skin tumors or ulcers.
The distilled water of mullein flowers has long been known as a cure for burns and erysipelas. Ethanolic extract of mullein has excellent antioxidant activity that prevents sebum oxidation and prevents body odor and skin aging. The high vitamin C content of mullein also helps to increase collagen production. This collagen is a protein that helps keep tye skin healthy and elastic.
The chemical composition of mullein (Verbascum) includes tannins, alkaloids and substances such as saponins, polysaccharides and flavonoids, each of which may be responsible for wound healing activities. The flavonoids and polysaccharides of this plant induce the proliferation of fibroblasts and connective tissue, which makes verbascum significant in the process of incision and wound healing. The researchers also concluded that the verbascoside of this plant has an anesthetic and analgesic effect.↗️
Earache or ear infections
Mullein oil recommended for earaches and ear discharge, and any eczema of the outer ear and its canals. Mullein oil is a valuable destroyer of pathogens. Ear infections have been treated using mullein leaves. Mullein flowers provide a powerful remedy for ear infections.
Mullein flowers have pain relieving analgesic properties that help soothe the discomfort of hot, inflamed ears. When the ear pain relief oil is mixed with mullein and other antimicrobial herbs, it fight ear infections quickly and safely. Mullein treats bacterial, viral and fungal ear infections and recurrent infections.
A study conducted on 171 children by Tel Aviv University found that ear drops containing mullein extract could help treat ear related inflections.
Mullein also helps soften wax buildup blocking the ear canal, stimulates circulation in the ear, and act as an anodyne on the auditory nerve to reduce ear irrigation and pain, in addition to exhibiting antiviral activity.
A 2001 study published in The Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine conducted that an herbal ear drop with mucilage was as effective as an anesthetic.
In addition to saponins, flavonoids and other biologically active compounds, mullein contains up to 3 percent mucilage. Mullein flowers are infused in Olive oil for several weeks, traditionally used for earaches, auditory canal eczema, middle ear infections and inflammatory skin conditions.↗️
Strong disinfectant and antimicrobial activities
A study published in the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry indicated that mullein and mullein tea may have potential antimicrobial activity.
Mullein is an important medicinal plant containing various biochemical compounds including sesquiterpenes, flavonoids, saponins and lignin, with antioxidant, anticarcinogenic and antimicrobial activities. Its oil is a powerful antiseptic that can treat both internal and external infections. Recent study published in Medicinal Chemistry have shown that the plant has antimicrobial properties and can be used to treat infectious diseases.↗️
A study also showed that combining mullein extract with amantadine hydrochloride has potent antiviral action against influenza.
Anticancer and cytotoxic activity
Mullein leaf extract may have anticancer properties. The ethanolic leaf extract showed considerable antioxidant activity as measured by its ability to scavenge DPPH free radicals at different concentrations. Tye inhibitory activity increased with the concentration of the extract. The authors concluded that mullein may have potential uses in cancer prevention and treatment.↗️
Saponins, rotenones and glycosides are among the major toxicants affecting the circulatory, respiratory and central nervous system of fish. Common mucilage causes fish breathing difficulties.↗️
It has diuretic properties
Mullein flowers are mild diuretics and have soothing and anti-inflammatory effects on the urinary tract. The leaves are also diuretic, which helps reduce inflammation of the urinary tract and counteract the irritating effects of acid urine.↗️
Mullein strengthens the immune system, helps dissolve mucus, and has a positive effect on the kidneys and bladder. Mullein is beneficial for overactive bladder which causes urinary incontinence associated with menopause. It also strengthens the bladder sphincter which can become weak in low estrogen conditions. Mullein tea leaves are also a diuretic tea. This means it helps remove excess fluid from the body.
Does mullein help with insomnia?
Mullein tea may be helpful in treating insomnia. Mullein’s sedative properties help improve sleep and its antioxidants help protect against brain damage. Moreover, mullein is rich in magnesium, a mineral that improves sleep quality by helping to relax muscles and reduce anxiety. It is good to drink mullein tea before going to bed, it relaxes your nerves and nervous system mind so you can fall asleep.
Read More: Apple Cider Vinegar Benefits for Men & Women And Its Side Effects, Uses
Mullein leaf side effects
- Pregnant and breastfeeding people should talk their doctor before using mullein tea and related plant products.
- Mullein tea is generally safe and beneficial to drink. However, some people may experience side effects such as headache, dizziness or nausea, and vomiting. Mullein leaves can cause skin irritation for some people.
- Do not use herbal ear oil if you have perforated eardrums and be sure to consult a physician if symptoms are severe or do not improve quickly with natural treatments.